Mount Royal, Lower & Upper (1906, 1911)
Mount Royal, a community planned in two stages, is home to Upper Mount Royal (to the south) and Lower Mount Royal (to the north, on flat terrain). The first stage was a subdivision plan registered in 1906, encompassing lands that extended to Dorchester Avenue on the south, 14th Street on the west, 17th Avenue on the north and 4th Street SW on the east. About half of the area was subdivided into a grid based on 25-foot lot frontages, and the other half into large estate lots. The latter area was named Mount Royal. Several modifications were made to this original subdivision in response to topographic, market and site planning conditions. The second stage was the CPR subdivision plan in 1911. Its design was based on the “garden suburb” planning principles pioneered by the American design firm of Fredrick Law Olmsted, with the streets laid out in gracious curves following the area’s natural topography.
To learn more:
- Mount Royal Clippings. Accessible at Calgary Public Library.
- Planning and Building Department. 1978. The Historical Development of the Downtown and Inner City. 1978. Calgary: City of Calgary. Accessible at Calgary Public Library.
- Corbet, Elise A. 1994. Calgary's Mount Royal: A Garden Suburb. Calgary: Heritage Advisory Board. Accessible at Calgary Public Library.
- Mittelstadt, David. 2002. A Biographical and Social History of Mount Royal. Calgary: Mount Royal Community Association. Accessible at Calgary Public Library.
- Calgary Herald 1995 Walking Tour of Mount Royal (Take the tour and see what's changed!)